A sprained ankle is a common musculoskeletal injury amongst people of all ages and occupations. Therefore, understanding its causes and need for treatment is vital.
Do you require ankle sprain treatment?
Most of ankle sprains are self-treated and not reported to a health care provider. Proper treatment is required so that the ankle is completely healed, and other problems do not develop over time.
What is an ankle sprain?
Ligaments are strong fibrous tissue that connects bones, cartilages or joints together and stabilises them. Ankle sprains occur when the ligaments supporting the bones of the ankle joint are overstretched or torn. It commonly occurs when the lateral ligaments are damaged. Injury can range from Grade 1 microtears in the tissue to Grade 3 complete ruptures.
The three grades of ankle sprain severity are:
- Grade 1: A mild sprain caused by minimal stretching of the ligament.
- Grade 2: A moderate sprain caused by partial tear in the ligament.
- Grade 3: A severe sprain caused by a full tear or rupture of one or more ligaments.
Causes of a Sprained Ankle
Foot twists or rolls due to sudden or unexpected movement are common causes. Examples of this occur during sports or walking on uneven surfaces. A poor sense of positioning of the body (proprioception) or a foot that turns inwards naturally increases the risk of an ankle sprain occurring. A history of repeated ankle sprains also further increases the risk of repeat sprains and can lead to long-term problems such as ankle instability, chronic pain, and arthritis.
Signs and Symptoms
Depending on the grade and severity of the injury, signs, and symptoms may range from mild pain and stiffness to the inability to walk. General symptoms include:
- Pain around the ankle
- Limited motion of the ankle
- Popping sound or sensation at the time of injury
- Instability of the ankle joint
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Ankle sprain treatment at Family Podiatric Centre
Ankle sprain treatments are dependent on the severity of the injury. The main aim of an ankle sprain treatment is to heal the ligament so that the function of the ankle is restored, and recurrence is prevented. For severe injuries, a podiatrist will give a thorough foot assessment and possibly provide referrals for surgery or rehabilitation. You can contact our clinic in Malaysia at +603 7710 5244 to book an appointment. Our Singapore clinic can also be reached at +65 6464 8654.