Bunions (Juvenile Hallux Valgus)
A bunion that occurs during childhood is called juvenile hallux valgus. The hallux (big toe) turns inwards to face the second toe, and a bony bump forms over the joint of the first toe.
Genetics play a large role in the development of bunions. Ill-fitting shoes, particularly ones with a narrow front or toe box, are the most often cited cause of bunions. Biomechanical anomalies such as excessive pronation or hypermobility. Additionally, flat feet are a contributing factor in the development of childhood bunions.
If left untreated, the bunion can lead to problems such as a stiffened big toe or arthritis later in life.
Signs and Symptoms
- Bump at the base of the big toe
- Redness or swelling at the base of the big toe
- Pain around the bunion
- Pain during walking
- Difficulty in finding shoes that fit comfortably