The foot contains 26 bones, fourteen of which are located in the toes. A toe fracture is a break in one of these bones. Fractures in the toes are a common injury which usually occurs as a result of direct trauma, such as dropping a heavy object on the toe or kicking too hard. It can also be caused by overuse or repetitive stress during activities such as running.
Toe fractures may be either non-displaced or displaced. Non-displaced fractures mean that the bone has a break in it, but the two ends are in contact with each other. A displaced fracture means that the broken ends of the bone have shifted away from each other.
If left untreated, a toe fracture may eventually progress to arthritis, deformity of the toe, and chronic pain.
Signs and Symptoms
- Pain at the point of impact
- Bruising and swelling
- Pain during standing and walking