Bunions (Juvenile Hallux Valgus)

Juvenile Hallux Valgus occurs during childhood is called juvenile hallux valgus. The hallux (big toe) turns inwards to face the second toe and a bony bump forms over the joint of the first toe.

Genetics play a large role in the development of bunions. Ill-fitting shoes, particularly ones with a narrow front or toe box, are the most often cited cause of bunions. Biomechanical anomalies such as excessive pronation or hypermobility. Additionally, flat feet are a contributing factor in the development of childhood bunions.

If left untreated, the bunion can lead to problems such as a stiffened big toe or arthritis later in life.

Bunions (Juvenile Hallux Valgus)

Blausen.com staff (2014). “Medical gallery of Blausen Medical 2014”.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Bump at the base of the big toe
  • Redness or swelling at the base of the big toe
  • Pain around the bunion
  • Pain during walking
  • Difficulty in finding shoes that fit comfortably

Latest Research Links:

Natural progression of radiographic indices in juvenile hallux valgus deformity

Comparison of the Changes in the Structure of the Transverse Arch of the Normal and Hallux Valgus Feet under Different Loading Positions

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